New Testament Greek

The Language of the New Testament

The New Testament was written primarily in Koine Greek (the predominant language of the time, known by most people), but there are portions that were written in Aramaic (the primary language of the Jews in Jesus’s time) and Latin (the official language of the Roman empire).

Because it would have been the primary language of Jesus and his disciples, some scholars believe that some (if not all) of the New Testament books were written completely in Aramaic.  The Aramaic version of the New Testament is called the Peshitta.  However, most of the time when the New Testament speakers and writers quoted the Old Testament, they quoted the the Greek version of the Old Testament, called the Septuagint (LXX), so they undoubtedly could have considered writing in Greek for uniformity sake (though you could argue that the New Testament authors were writing for people and not with the intention of making an overall book).

Personally, I think that it’s quite possible that some of the New Testament books and letters were originally written in Aramaic (such as Matthew) and were soon translated into Koine Greek so that Message could reach a wider audience, or even vice versa.  At the very least, there is still harmony between the Greek and Aramaic versions and both offer insights into the first century times and culture.

The Greek Alphabet

Click on a letter of the Greek alphabet below to see all the Greek words that begin with that letter:

Top 100 Greek Words
Number Greek Transliteration Definition Occurrences
3588 ο, η, το ho, he, to the 20400
2532 καί kai and 9268
0846 αὐτός autos him, her, them, it 5781
1161 δέ de also 2883
1722 ἐν en in 2803
1519 εἰς eis into 1774
3756 ου ou absolutely/definitely (do) not 1645
3739 ος, η, ο hos, he, ho who, which, what, that 1417
2316 θεός theos God, a god/godess 1343
3004 λέγω lego to say 1343
3754 οτι hoti because, since 1292
3956 πας pas all of, every 1243
1063 γάρ gar because of, for 1067
3361 μή me no, not 1039
2036 ἔπω epo to speak 977
2424 Ἰησοῦς Iesous YHW/Yahweh/Jehovah/God Is Salvation; trad. Jesus, Joshua 975
1537 ἐκ, ἐξ ek, ex from 919
2076 ἐστί esti is 914
1909 ἐπί epi on, over 897
2962 κύριος kurios a supreme authority, master, owner, trad. lord 747
4314 προς pros near, close to, next to 726
2192 ἔχω, σχέω echo, scheo to have 709
1492 εἴδω eido to see; fig. to know 689
1096 γίνομαι ginomai to become, be made 676
0575 ἀπό apo from 671
2443 ἵνα hina in order that 665
1223 διά dia through 646
2064 ἔρχομαι, ἐλεύθομαι, ἔλθω erchomai, eleuthomai, eltho to come/go 642
0235 ἀλλά alla but 636
5213 υμιν humin to you [plural] 620
3450 μού mou mine, my 587
5216 υμων humon your(s) [plural] 584
4160 ποιεω poieo to make, do, perform 576
5547 Χριστος Christos to be smeared [with oil]; fig. to be appointed, delegated; trad. Christ, anointed 569
0444 ἄνθρωπος anthropos a person 559
5100 τις tis some, any 541
5101 τις tis who, which, what 537
3767 ουν oun therefore 525
1487 εἰ ei if 504
4675 σου sou your(s) [singular] 497
5613 ως hos as, like 493
2596 κατά kata down to, according to 482
3778 ουτος, ουτοι, αυτη, αυται houtos, houtoi, haute, hautai this/these 482
3326 μετά meta with 473
2258 ἦν en was 452
0191 ἀκούω akouo to hear 437
5209 υμας humas you [plural, accusative] 436
3962 πατηρ pater a father, parent 418
1325 δίδωμι didomi to give 413
2257 ἡμών hemon our(s) 409
2250 ἡμέρα hemera a day; fig. a time period 389
4151 πνευμα pneuma a wind; fig. a spirit 385
5207 υιος huios a son, child 381
1473 ἐγώ ego I, me 370
4183 πολυς, πολλος polus, pollos to be many, much 365
2228 e or 357
0080 ἀδελφός adelphos a brother; fig. a fellow Christian/Believer 346
1438 ἑαυτοῦ heautou himself, herself, itself, yourself, themselves 338
1437 ἐάν ean if may/could, if perhaps 335
4012 περι peri throughout, in every part of; fig. around, about 331
3056 λόγος logos a word; fig. topic 330
5124 τουτο touto this/these [accusative] 322
3165 μέ me me 302
2980 λαλέω laleo to talk 295
3772 ουρανος ouranos a sky; trad. heaven 284
1520 εἷς, ἕν heis, hen one 270
3101 μαθητής mathetes a learner, pupil; trad. a disciple 269
2983 λαμβάνω lambano to take 263
1093 γῆ ge earth, soil, dirt; fig. a land, territory 252
1565 ἐκεῖνος ekeinos that/those 251
5023 ταυτα tauta these things 251
0611 ἀποκρίνομαι apokrinomai to respond (in conclusion), answer 249
4100 πιστευω pisteuo to be convinced/persuaded of; fig. to entrust; trad. to believe, have faith in 248
4102 πιστις pistis a conviction, persuasion; trad. faith 244
5210 υμεις humeis you [plural] 242
3427 μοί moi to me 240
3762 ουδεις oudeis, oudemia, ouden absolutely/definitely no one 235
5259 υπο hupo under 230
0040 ἅγιος hagios to be holy, sacred, dedicated, sanctified 229
3686 ονομα onoma what one is "known as"; fig. a name 229
1097 γινώσκω ginosko to get to know, acquaint; fig. to have sexual intercourse with 223
1831 ἐξέρχομαι exerchomai to come from 222
4671 σοι soi to you [singular] 222
1135 γυνή gune a woman, fig. a wife 221
0435 ἀνήρ aner a man; fig. a husband 215
2400 ἰδού idou see!, look!, check this out! 213
3779 ουτω, ουτως houto, houtos to be like this, this way 213
5037 τε te even, in addition to 212
3173 μέγας, μεγάλη megas, megale to be great, "mega-" 211
1410 δύναμαι dunamai can, to be able to 210
2309 θέλω, εθέλω, θελέω, εθελέω thelo, ethelo, theleo, etheleo to want, will, desire 210
1125 γράφω grapho to write, engrave, draw; fig. to describe (to write it all out, to draw up) 208
3844 παρα para near; from beside 200
1525 εἰσέρχομαι eiserchomai to come/go into, enter 198
2453 Ἰουδαῖος Ioudaios He Shall Be Praised; trad. Judean, Jewish, Jew 197
3551 νόμος nomos a law 197
4571 σε se you [singular, accusative] 197
3303 μέν men indeed, in fact 193
2071 ἔσομαι esomai will be 192
0302 ἄν an may, could, perhaps 191

Greek words that begin with:  alpha (Α/α), beta (Β/β), gamma (Γ/γ), delta (Δ/δ), epsilon (Ε/ε), zeta (Ζ/ζ), eta (Η/η), theta (Θ/θ), iota (Ι/ι), kappa (Κ/κ), lambda (Λ/λ), mu (Μ/μ), nu (Ν/ν), xi (Ξ/ξ), omicron (Ο/ο), pi (Π/π), rho (Ρ/ρ), sigma (Σ/σ), tau (Τ/τ), upsilon (Υ/υ), phi (Φ/φ), chi (Χ/χ), psi (Ψ/ψ), omega (Ω/ω)

Old Testament Hebrew words