Ecclesiastes 1read and compare multiple versions of the Bible

World English Bible

Ecclesiastes 1 (WEBP)

[1] The words of the Preacher, the son of David, king in Jerusalem:
[2] “Vanity of vanities,” says the Preacher; “Vanity of vanities, all is vanity.”
[3] What does man gain from all his labor in which he labors under the sun?
[4] One generation goes, and another generation comes; but the earth remains forever.
[5] The sun also rises, and the sun goes down, and hurries to its place where it rises.
[6] The wind goes toward the south, and turns around to the north. It turns around continually as it goes, and the wind returns again to its courses.
[7] All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full. To the place where the rivers flow, there they flow again.
[8] All things are full of weariness beyond uttering. The eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
[9] That which has been is that which shall be, and that which has been done is that which shall be done; and there is no new thing under the sun.
[10] Is there a thing of which it may be said, “Behold,§ this is new”? It has been long ago, in the ages which were before us.
[11] There is no memory of the former; neither shall there be any memory of the latter that are to come, among those that shall come after.
[12] I, the Preacher, was king over Israel in Jerusalem.
[13] I applied my heart to seek and to search out by wisdom concerning all that is done under the sky. It is a heavy burden that God§ has given to the sons of men to be afflicted with.
[14] I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and behold, all is vanity and a chasing after wind.
[15] That which is crooked can’t be made straight; and that which is lacking can’t be counted.
[16] I said to myself, “Behold, I have obtained for myself great wisdom above all who were before me in Jerusalem. Yes, my heart has had great experience of wisdom and knowledge.”
[17] I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly. I perceived that this also was a chasing after wind.
[18] For in much wisdom is much grief; and he who increases knowledge increases sorrow.

Ecclesiastes 1:10 “Behold”, from “הִנֵּה”, means look at, take notice, observe, see, or gaze at. It is often used as an interjection.
Ecclesiastes 1:13 The Hebrew word rendered “God” is “אֱלֹהִ֑ים” (Elohim).

Scripture quotations are taken from The World English Bible™ of, 2020 stable text edition. It is in the public domain.

King James w/Strong’s #s

Ecclesiastes 1 (KJVS)

[1] The words H1697 of the Preacher H6953, the son H1121 of David H1732, king H4428 in Jerusalem H3389.
[2] Vanity H1892 of vanities H1892, saith H559 (8804) the Preacher H6953, vanity H1892 of vanities H1892; all [is] vanity H1892.
[3] What profit H3504 hath a man H120 of all his labour H5999 which he taketh H5998 (8799) under the sun H8121?
[4] [One] generation H1755 passeth away H1980 (8802), and [another] generation H1755 cometh H935 (8802) (8676) H935 (8804): but the earth H776 abideth H5975 (8802) for ever H5769.
[5] The sun H8121 also ariseth H2224 (8804), and the sun H8121 goeth down H935 (8804), and hasteth H7602 (8802) to his place H4725 where he arose H2224 (8802).
[6] The wind H7307 goeth H1980 (8802) toward the south H1864, and turneth about H5437 (8802) unto the north H6828; it whirleth about continually H1980 (8802), and the wind H7307 returneth again H7725 (8804) according to his circuits H5439.
[7] All the rivers H5158 run H1980 (8802) into the sea H3220; yet the sea H3220 [is] not full H4392; unto the place H4725 from whence the rivers H5158 come H1980 (8802), thither they return H7725 (8802) again H3212 (8800).
[8] All things H1697 [are] full of labour H3023; man H376 cannot H3201 (8799) utter H1696 (8763) [it]: the eye H5869 is not satisfied H7646 (8799) with seeing H7200 (8800), nor the ear H241 filled H4390 (8735) with hearing H8085 (8800).
[9] The thing that hath been, it [is that] which shall be; and that which is done H6213 (8738) [is] that which shall be done H6213 (8735): and [there is] no new H2319 [thing] under the sun H8121.
[10] Is there H3426 [any] thing H1697 whereof it may be said H559 (8799), See H7200 (8798), this [is] new H2319? it hath been already H3528 of old time H5769, which was before H6440 us.
[11] [There is] no remembrance H2146 of former H7223 [things]; neither shall there be [any] remembrance H2146 of [things] that are to come H314 with [those] that shall come after H314.
[12] I the Preacher H6953 was king H4428 over Israel H3478 in Jerusalem H3389.
[13] And I gave H5414 (8804) my heart H3820 to seek H1875 (8800) and search out H8446 (8800) by wisdom H2451 concerning all [things] that are done H6213 (8738) under heaven H8064: this sore H7451 travail H6045 hath God H430 given H5414 (8804) to the sons H1121 of man H120 to be exercised H6031 (8800) therewith.
[14] I have seen H7200 (8804) all the works H4639 that are done H6213 (8738) under the sun H8121; and, behold, all [is] vanity H1892 and vexation H7469 of spirit H7307.
[15] [That which is] crooked H5791 (8794) cannot H3201 (8799) be made straight H8626 (8800): and that which is wanting H2642 cannot H3201 (8799) be numbered H4487 (8736).
[16] I communed H1696 (8765) with mine own heart H3820, saying H559 (8800), Lo, I am come to great estate H1431 (8689), and have gotten H3254 (8689) more wisdom H2451 than all [they] that have been before H6440 me in Jerusalem H3389: yea, my heart H3820 had great H7235 (8687) experience H7200 (8804) of wisdom H2451 and knowledge H1847.
[17] And I gave H5414 (8799) my heart H3820 to know H3045 (8800) wisdom H2451, and to know H3045 (8800) madness H1947 and folly H5531: I perceived H3045 (8804) that this H1571 also is vexation H7475 of spirit H7307.
[18] For in much H7230 wisdom H2451 [is] much H7230 grief H3708: and he that increaseth H3254 (8686) knowledge H1847 increaseth H3254 (8686) sorrow H4341.

Young’s Literal Translation

Ecclesiastes 1 (YLT)

[1] Words of a preacher, son of David, king in Jerusalem:
[2] Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, Vanity of vanities: the whole is vanity.
[3] What advantage is to man by all his labour that he laboureth at under the sun?
[4] A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is standing.
[5] Also, the sun hath risen, and the sun hath gone in, and unto its place panting it is rising there.
[6] Going unto the south, and turning round unto the north, turning round, turning round, the wind is going, and by its circuits the wind hath returned.
[7] All the streams are going unto the sea, and the sea is not full; unto a place whither the streams are going, thither they are turning back to go.
[8] All these things are wearying; a man is not able to speak, the eye is not satisfied by seeing, nor filled is the ear from hearing.
[9] What is that which hath been? it is that which is, and what is that which hath been done? it is that which is done, and there is not an entirely new thing under the sun.
[10] There is a thing of which one saith: ‘See this, it is new!’ already it hath been in the ages that were before us!
[11] There is not a remembrance of former generations; and also of the latter that are, there is no remembrance of them with those that are at the last.
[12] I, a preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem.
[13] And I have given my heart to seek and to search out by wisdom concerning all that hath been done under the heavens. It is a sad travail God hath given to the sons of man to be humbled by it.
[14] I have seen all the works that have been done under the sun, and lo, the whole is vanity and vexation of spirit!
[15] A crooked thing one is not able to make straight, and a lacking thing is not able to be numbered.
[16] I-I spake with my heart, saying, ‘I, lo, I have magnified and added wisdom above every one who hath been before me at Jerusalem, and my heart hath seen abundantly wisdom and knowledge.
[17] And I give my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I have known that even this is vexation of spirit;
[18] for, in abundance of wisdom is abundance of sadness, and he who addeth knowledge addeth pain.’