Old Testament Hebrew explore the original languages of the Old Testament

The Old Testament (a.k.a., “The Hebrew Bible”) was written primarily in Hebrew, but there are portions that were written in Aramaic. It was translated into Koine Greek between the 3rd and 1st centuries BC. This translation is referred to as the Septuagint (LXX) because it is said to have been translated by seventy (70) Jewish scholars.

Hebrew words and phrases are read from right to left. For example, אב, would be read as א (a) and then ב (b), so “ab” (H1).

Top 100 Old Testament Hebrew Words

H3068 – Yehovah – יְהֹוָה
YHWH, Yahweh, Jehovah [6,519 occurrences]
H559 – amar – אמר
answer, appoint, avouch, bid, boast self, call, certify, challenge, charge, +( at the, give) command [5,308 occurrences]
H1121 – ben – בן
+ afflicted, age, [Ahoh-][ Ammon-][ Hachmon-][ Lev-]ite, [anoint-]ed one, appointed to, (+) arrow, [4,906 occurrences]
H6213 – asah – עשׂה
accomplish, advance, appoint, apt, be at, become, bear, bestow, bring forth, bruise, be busy, X cert [2,633 occurrences]
H430 – elohiym – אלהים
angels, X exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), X (very) great, judges, X mighty [2,606 occurrences]
H935 – bow – בוא
abide, apply, attain, X be, befall, + besiege, bring (forth, in, into, to pass), call, carry, X cert [2,577 occurrences]
H4428 – melek – מלך
king, royal [2,523 occurrences]
H3478 – Yisrael – ישׂראל
Israel [2,505 occurrences]
H776 – erets – ארץ
X common, country, earth, field, ground, land, X natins, way, + wilderness, world [2,504 occurrences]
H3117 – yowm – יום
age, + always, + chronicals, continually(-ance), daily, ([birth-], each, to) day, (now a, two) days [2,287 occurrences]
H6440 – paniym – פנים
+ accept, a-(be-)fore(-time), against, anger, X as (long as), at, + battle, + because (of), + besee [2,109 occurrences]
H1004 – bayith – בית
court, daughter, door, + dungeon, family, + forth of, X great as would contain, hangings, home (born [2,055 occurrences]
H5414 – nathan – נתן
add, apply, appoint, ascribe, assign, X avenge, X be ([healed]), bestow, bring (forth, hither), cast [2,008 occurrences]
H5971 – am – עם
folk, men, nation, people [1,862 occurrences]
H376 – iysh – אישׁ
also, another, any (man), a certain, + champion, consent, each, every (one), fellow, [foot-, husband [1,639 occurrences]
H3027 – yad – יד
(+ be) able, X about, + armholes, at, axletree, because of, beside, border, X bounty, + broad, [bro [1,615 occurrences]
H1697 – dabar – דבר
speech, word, matter [1,439 occurrences]
H1400 – g@bar (Aramaic) – גבר
certain, man [1,401 occurrences]
H7200 – raah – ראה
advise self, appear, approve, behold, X certainly, consider, discern, (make to) enjoy, have experien [1,313 occurrences]
H1 – ab – אָב
a father [1,215 occurrences]
H8085 – shama – שׁמע
X attentively, call (gather) together, X carefully, X certainly, consent, consider, be content, decl [1,159 occurrences]
H1696 – dabar – דבר
answer, appoint, bid, command, commune, declare, destroy, give, name, promise, pronounce, rehearse, [1,143 occurrences]
H5892 – iyr – עיר
Ai [from margin], city, court [from margin], town [1,089 occurrences]
H3427 – yashab – יָשַׁב
to sit; fig., to settle, dwell [1,088 occurrences]
H1732 – David – דוד
David [1,076 occurrences]
H3318 – yatsa – יצא
X after, appear, X assuredly, bear out, X begotten, break out, bring forth (out, up), carry out, com [1,069 occurrences]
H7725 – shuwb – שׁוּב
to return, turn away from [1,066 occurrences]
H3212 – yalak – ילך
X again, away, bear, bring, carry (away), come (away), depart, flow, + follow(-ing), get (away, henc [1,043 occurrences]
H3947 – laqach – לקח
accept, bring, buy, carry away, drawn, fetch, get, infold, X many, mingle, place, receive(-ing), res [965 occurrences]
H259 – echad – אֶחָד
to be united; fig., one [952 occurrences]
H3045 – yada – ידע
acknowledge, acquaintance(-ted with), advise, answer, appoint, assuredly, be aware, [un-]awares, can [947 occurrences]
H5927 – alah – עלה
arise (up), (cause to) ascend up, at once, break [the day] (up), bring (up), (cause to) burn, carry [889 occurrences]
H5869 – ayin – עַיִן
an eye; fig. a fountain [887 occurrences]
H8141 – shaneh (in plural only), – שׁנה
+ whole age, X long, + old, year (X -ly) [875 occurrences]
H8034 – shem – שׁם
+ base, [in-]fame[-ous], named(-d), renown, report [864 occurrences]
H7971 – shalach – שׁלח
X any wise, appoint, bring (on the way), cast (away, out), conduct, X earnestly, forsake, give (up), [847 occurrences]
H4191 – muwth – מות
X at all, X crying, (be) dead (body, man, one), (put to, worthy of) death, destroy(-er), (cause to, [835 occurrences]
H3063 – Y@huwdah – יהודה
Judah [818 occurrences]
H398 – akal – אכל
X at all, burn up, consume, devour(-er, up), dine, eat(-er, up), feed (with), food, X freely, X in [810 occurrences]
H5650 – ebed – עבד
a servant [800 occurrences]
H802 – ishshah – אשׁה
(adulter) ess, each, every, female, X many, + none, one, + together, wife, woman [779 occurrences]
H8147 – sh@nayim – שׁנים
both, couple, double, second, twain, + twelfth, + twelve, + twenty (sixscore) thousand, twice, two [768 occurrences]
H4872 – Mosheh – משׁה
Moses [766 occurrences]
H5315 – nephesh – נֶפֶשׁ
a gentle breath; fig. a light breeze, life-breath, living creature, a soul [753 occurrences]
H3548 – kohen – כהן
chief ruler, X own, priest, prince, principal officer [750 occurrences]
H7121 – qara – קרא
bewray [self], that are bidden, call (for, forth, self, upon), cry (unto), (be) famous, guest, invit [735 occurrences]
H310 – achar – אחר
after (that, -ward), again, at, away from, back (from, -side), behind, beside, by, follow (after, -i [709 occurrences]
H1870 – derek – דרך
along, away, because of, + by, conversation, custom, [east-]ward, journey, manner, passenger, throug [705 occurrences]
H4714 – Mitsrayim – מצרים
Egypt, Egyptians, Mizraim [681 occurrences]
H7451 – ra – רע
adversity, affliction, bad, calamity, + displease(-ure), distress, evil([-favouredness], man, thing) [663 occurrences]
H5375 – nasa – נָשָׂא
to lift up, carry; fig., to spare [654 occurrences]
H3389 – Y@ruwshalaim – ירושׁלם
Jerusalem [643 occurrences]
H251 – ach – אח
another, brother(-ly); kindred, like, other [629 occurrences]
H6965 – quwm – קום
abide, accomplish, X be clearer, confirm, continue, decree, X be dim, endure, X enemy, enjoin, get u [628 occurrences]
H7218 – rosh – רֹאשׁ
a head [598 occurrences]
H3820 – leb – לב
+ care for, comfortably, consent, X considered, courag[-eous], friend[-ly], ([broken-],[ hard-],[ m [593 occurrences]
H1323 – bath – בת
apple [of the eye], branch, company, daughter, X first, X old, + owl, town, village [588 occurrences]
H7760 – suwm – שׂום
X any wise, appoint, bring, call [a name], care, cast in, change, charge, commit, consider, convey, [585 occurrences]
H4325 – mayim – מַיִם
water [582 occurrences]
H3967 – meah – מאה
hundred([-fold], —th), + sixscore [581 occurrences]
H582 – enowsh – אנושׁ
another, X [blood-]thirsty, certain, chap[-man]; divers, fellow, X in the flower of their age, husba [564 occurrences]
H5674 – abar – עבר
alienate, alter, X at all, beyond, bring (over, through), carry over, (over-)come (on, over), conduc [559 occurrences]
H2896 – towb – טוֹב
to be good, appropriate, exemplary [559 occurrences]
H1471 – gowy – גוי
Gentile, heathen, nation, people [558 occurrences]
H120 – adam – אדם
X another, + hypocrite, + common sort, X low, man (mean, of low degree), person [552 occurrences]
H2022 – har – הר
hill (country), mount(-ain), X promotion [546 occurrences]
H1419 – gadowl – גדול
+ aloud, elder(-est), + exceeding(-ly), + far, (man of) great (man, matter, thing, -er, -ness), hig [529 occurrences]
H5975 – amad – עמד
abide (behind), appoint, arise, cease, confirm, continue, dwell, be employed, endure, establish, lea [521 occurrences]
H6963 – qowl – קול
+ aloud, bleating, crackling, cry (+ out), fame, lightness, lowing, noise, + hold peace, [pro-]clai [506 occurrences]
H505 – eleph – אלף
thousand [505 occurrences]
H2416 – chay – חי
+ age, alive, appetite, (wild) beast, company, congregation, life(-time), live(-ly), living (creatu [501 occurrences]
H5221 – nakah – נכה
beat, cast forth, clap, give [wounds], X go forward, X indeed, kill, make [slaughter], murderer, pun [500 occurrences]
H1980 – halak – הלך
(all) along, apace, behave (self), come, (on) continually, be conversant, depart, + be eased, enter, [500 occurrences]
H6310 – peh – פֶּה
a mouth [498 occurrences]
H3205 – yalad – ילד
bear, beget, birth([-day]), born, (make to) bring forth (children, young), bring up, calve, child, c [498 occurrences]
H6680 – tsavah – צוה
appoint, (for-)bid, (give a) charge, (give a, give in, send with) command(-er, -ment), send a messen [494 occurrences]
H6635 – tsaba – צבא
appointed time, (+) army, (+) battle, company, host, service, soldiers, waiting upon, war(-fare) [485 occurrences]
H8104 – shamar – שׁמר
beward, be circumspect, take heed (to self), keep(-er, self), mark, look narrowly, observe, preserve [468 occurrences]
H6944 – qodesh – קדשׁ
consecrated (thing), dedicated (thing), hallowed (thing), holiness, (X most) holy (X day, portion, t [468 occurrences]
H7227 – rab – רב
(in) abound(-undance, -ant, -antly), captain, elder, enough, exceedingly, full, great(-ly, man, one) [458 occurrences]
H4672 – matsa – מצא
+ be able, befall, being, catch, X certainly, (cause to) come (on, to, to hand), deliver, be enough [456 occurrences]
H5769 – owlam – עולם
alway(-s), ancient (time), any more, continuance, eternal, (for, [n-])ever(-lasting, -more, of old), [439 occurrences]
H5307 – naphal – נפל
be accepted, cast (down, self, [lots], out), cease, die, divide (by lot), (let) fail, (cause to, let [434 occurrences]
H136 – Adonay – אדני
(my) Lord [434 occurrences]
H7969 – shalowsh – שׁלושׁ
+ fork, + often[-times], third, thir[-teen, -teenth], three, + thrice [430 occurrences]
H8269 – sar – שׂר
captain (that had rule), chief (captain), general, governor, keeper, lord, ([-task-])master, prince( [421 occurrences]
H4941 – mishpat – משׁפט
+ adversary, ceremony, charge, X crime, custom, desert, determination, discretion, disposing, due, [421 occurrences]
H8064 – shamayim – שׁמים
air, X astrologer, heaven(-s) [420 occurrences]
H8432 – tavek – תוך
among(-st), X between, half, X (there-, where-), in(-to), middle, mid[-night], midst (among), X out [415 occurrences]
H2719 – chereb – חרב
axe, dagger, knife, mattock, sword, tool [413 occurrences]
H7586 – Shauwl – שׁאול
Saul, Shaul [406 occurrences]
H3701 – keceph – כסף
money, price, silver(-ling) [403 occurrences]
H4725 – maqowm – מקום
country, X home, X open, place, room, space, X whither[-soever] [402 occurrences]
H4196 – mizbeach – מזבח
altar [402 occurrences]
H3220 – yam – ים
sea (X—faring man, [-shore]), south, west (-ern, side, —ward) [396 occurrences]
H7651 – sheba – שׁבע
(+ by) seven[-fold], -s, [-teen, -teenth], -th, times) [394 occurrences]
H2091 – zahab – זהב
gold(-en), fair weather [389 occurrences]
H3381 – yarad – ירד
X abundantly, bring down, carry down, cast down, (cause to) come(-ing) down, fall (down), get down, [380 occurrences]
H784 – esh – אשׁ
burning, fiery, fire, flaming, hot [379 occurrences]
H7307 – ruwach – רוּחַ
a breath, wind; fig., spirit [378 occurrences]