World English Bible
1 Samuel 17 (WEBP)
 Now the Philistines gathered together their armies to battle; and they were gathered together at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah in Ephesdammim.
 Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together, and encamped in the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array against the Philistines.
 The Philistines stood on the mountain on the one side, and Israel stood on the mountain on the other side: and there was a valley between them.
 A champion out of the camp of the Philistines named Goliath of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span° went out.
 He had a helmet of bronze on his head, and he wore a coat of mail; and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels° of bronze.
 He had bronze shin armor on his legs and a bronze javelin between his shoulders.
 The staff of his spear was like a weaver’s beam; and his spear’s head weighed six hundred shekels of iron.° His shield bearer went before him.
 He stood and cried to the armies of Israel, and said to them, “Why have you come out to set your battle in array? Am I not a Philistine, and you servants to Saul? Choose a man for yourselves, and let him come down to me.
 If he is able to fight with me and kill me, then will we be your servants; but if I prevail against him and kill him, then you will be our servants and serve us.”
 The Philistine said, “I defy the armies of Israel today! Give me a man, that we may fight together!”
 When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.
 Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehem Judah, whose name was Jesse; and he had eight sons. The man was an elderly old man in the days of Saul.
 The three oldest sons of Jesse had gone after Saul to the battle; and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn, and next to him Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
 David was the youngest; and the three oldest followed Saul.
 Now David went back and forth from Saul to feed his father’s sheep at Bethlehem.
 The Philistine came near morning and evening, and presented himself forty days.
 Jesse said to David his son, “Now take for your brothers an ephah° of this parched grain and these ten loaves, and carry them quickly to the camp to your brothers;
 and bring these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand; and see how your brothers are doing, and bring back news.”
 Now Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
 David rose up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper, and took the provisions and went, as Jesse had commanded him. He came to the place of the wagons as the army which was going out to the fight shouted for the battle.
 Israel and the Philistines put the battle in array, army against army.
 David left his baggage in the hand of the keeper of the baggage and ran to the army, and came and greeted his brothers.
 As he talked with them, behold, the champion, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, came up out of the ranks of the Philistines, and said the same words; and David heard them.
 All the men of Israel, when they saw the man, fled from him and were terrified.
 The men of Israel said, “Have you seen this man who has come up? He has surely come up to defy Israel. The king will give great riches to the man who kills him, and will give him his daughter, and will make his father’s house tax-free in Israel.”
 David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, “What shall be done to the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? For who is this uncircumcised Philistine, that he should defy the armies of the living God?”
 The people answered him in this way, saying, “So shall it be done to the man who kills him.”
 Eliab his oldest brother heard when he spoke to the men; and Eliab’s anger burned against David, and he said, “Why have you come down? With whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the evil of your heart; for you have come down that you might see the battle.”
 David said, “What have I now done? Is there not a cause?”
 He turned away from him toward another, and spoke like that again; and the people answered him again the same way.
 When the words were heard which David spoke, they rehearsed them before Saul; and he sent for him.
 David said to Saul, “Let no man’s heart fail because of him. Your servant will go and fight with this Philistine.”
 Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are but a youth, and he a man of war from his youth.”
 David said to Saul, “Your servant was keeping his father’s sheep; and when a lion or a bear came and took a lamb out of the flock,
 I went out after him, struck him, and rescued it out of his mouth. When he arose against me, I caught him by his beard, struck him, and killed him.
 Your servant struck both the lion and the bear. This uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, since he has defied the armies of the living God.”
 David said, “Yahweh, who delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of the bear, will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine.” Saul said to David, “Go! Yahweh will be with you.”
 Saul dressed David with his clothing. He put a helmet of bronze on his head, and he clad him with a coat of mail.
 David strapped his sword on his clothing and he tried to move, for he had not tested it. David said to Saul, “I can’t go with these, for I have not tested them.” Then David took them off.
 He took his staff in his hand, and chose for himself five smooth stones out of the brook, and put them in the pouch of his shepherd’s bag which he had. His sling was in his hand; and he came near to the Philistine.
 The Philistine walked and came near to David; and the man who bore the shield went before him.
 When the Philistine looked around and saw David, he disdained him; for he was but a youth, and ruddy, and had a good looking face.
 The Philistine said to David, “Am I a dog, that you come to me with sticks?” The Philistine cursed David by his gods.
 The Philistine said to David, “Come to me, and I will give your flesh to the birds of the sky and to the animals of the field.”
 Then David said to the Philistine, “You come to me with a sword, with a spear, and with a javelin; but I come to you in the name of Yahweh of Armies, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.
 Today, Yahweh will deliver you into my hand. I will strike you and take your head from off you. I will give the dead bodies of the army of the Philistines today to the birds of the sky and to the wild animals of the earth, that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel,
 and that all this assembly may know that Yahweh doesn’t save with sword and spear; for the battle is Yahweh’s, and he will give you into our hand.”
 When the Philistine arose, and walked and came near to meet David, David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.
 David put his hand in his bag, took a stone and slung it, and struck the Philistine in his forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell on his face to the earth.
 So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and struck the Philistine and killed him; but there was no sword in David’s hand.
 Then David ran, stood over the Philistine, took his sword, drew it out of its sheath, killed him, and cut off his head with it. When the Philistines saw that their champion was dead, they fled.
 The men of Israel and of Judah arose and shouted, and pursued the Philistines as far as Gai and to the gates of Ekron. The wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath and to Ekron.
 The children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines, and they plundered their camp.
 David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem, but he put his armor in his tent.
 When Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the army, “Abner, whose son is this youth?” Abner said, “As your soul lives, O king, I can’t tell.”
 The king said, “Inquire whose son the young man is!”
 As David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand.
 Saul said to him, “Whose son are you, you young man?” David answered, “I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.”
1 Samuel 17:4 A cubit is the length from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow on a man’s arm, or about 18 inches or 46 centimeters. A span is the length from the tip of a man’s thumb to the tip of his little finger when his hand is stretched out (about half a cubit, or 9 inches, or 22.8 cm.) Therefore, Goliath was about 9 feet and 9 inches or 2.97 meters tall.
1 Samuel 17:5 A shekel is about 10 grams or about 0.35 ounces, so 5000 shekels is about 50 kilograms or 110 pounds.
1 Samuel 17:7 A shekel is about 10 grams or about 0.35 ounces, so 600 shekels is about 6 kilograms or about 13 pounds.
1 Samuel 17:17 1 ephah is about 22 liters or about 2/3 of a bushel
Scripture quotations are taken from The World English Bible™ of eBible.org, 2020 stable text edition. It is in the public domain.
King James w/Strong’s #s
1 Samuel 17 (KJVS)
 Now the Philistines H6430 gathered together H622 (8799) their armies H4264 to battle H4421, and were gathered together H622 (8735) at Shochoh H7755, which [belongeth] to Judah H3063, and pitched H2583 (8799) between Shochoh H7755 and Azekah H5825, in Ephesdammim H658.
 And Saul H7586 and the men H376 of Israel H3478 were gathered together H622 (8738), and pitched H2583 (8799) by the valley H6010 of Elah H425, and set the battle H4421 in array H6186 (8799) against H7125 (8800) the Philistines H6430.
 And the Philistines H6430 stood H5975 (8802) on a mountain H2022 on the one side, and Israel H3478 stood H5975 (8802) on a mountain H2022 on the other side: and [there was] a valley H1516 between them.
 And there went out H3318 (8799) a champion H376 H1143 out of the camp H4264 of the Philistines H6430, named H8034 Goliath H1555, of Gath H1661, whose height H1363 [was] six H8337 cubits H520 and a span H2239.
 And [he had] an helmet H3553 of brass H5178 upon his head H7218, and he [was] armed H3847 (8803) with a coat H8302 of mail H7193; and the weight H4948 of the coat H8302 [was] five H2568 thousand H505 shekels H8255 of brass H5178.
 And [he had] greaves H4697 of brass H5178 upon his legs H7272, and a target H3591 of brass H5178 between his shoulders H3802.
 And the staff H6086 (8675) H2671 of his spear H2595 [was] like a weaver’s H707 (8802) beam H4500; and his spear’s H2595 head H3852 [weighed] six H8337 hundred H3967 shekels H8255 of iron H1270: and one bearing H5375 (8802) a shield H6793 went H1980 (8802) before H6440 him.
 And he stood H5975 (8799) and cried H7121 (8799) unto the armies H4634 of Israel H3478, and said H559 (8799) unto them, Why are ye come out H3318 (8799) to set [your] battle H4421 in array H6186 (8800)? [am] not I a Philistine H6430, and ye servants H5650 to Saul H7586? choose H1262 (8798) you a man H376 for you, and let him come down H3381 (8799) to me.
 If he be able H3201 (8799) to fight H3898 (8736) with me, and to kill H5221 (8689) me, then will we be your servants H5650: but if I prevail H3201 (8799) against him, and kill H5221 (8689) him, then shall ye be our servants H5650, and serve H5647 (8804) us.
 And the Philistine H6430 said H559 (8799), I defy H2778 (8765) the armies H4634 of Israel H3478 this day H3117; give H5414 (8798) me a man H376, that we may fight H3898 (8735) together H3162.
 When Saul H7586 and all Israel H3478 heard H8085 (8799) those words H1697 of the Philistine H6430, they were dismayed H2865 (8735), and greatly H3966 afraid H3372 (8799).
 Now David H1732 [was] the son H1121 of that Ephrathite H376 H673 of Bethlehemjudah H1035 H3063, whose name H8034 [was] Jesse H3448; and he had eight H8083 sons H1121: and the man H376 went H935 (8804) among men H582 [for] an old man H2204 (8804) in the days H3117 of Saul H7586.
 And the three H7969 eldest H1419 sons H1121 of Jesse H3448 went H3212 (8799) [and] followed H310 Saul H7586 to the battle H4421: and the names H8034 of his three H7969 sons H1121 that went H1980 (8804) to the battle H4421 [were] Eliab H446 the firstborn H1060, and next H4932 unto him Abinadab H41, and the third H7992 Shammah H8048.
 And David H1732 [was] the youngest H6996: and the three H7969 eldest H1419 followed H1980 (8804) H310 Saul H7586.
 But David H1732 went H1980 (8802) and returned H7725 (8802) from Saul H7586 to feed H7462 (8800) his father’s H1 sheep H6629 at Bethlehem H1035.
 And the Philistine H6430 drew near H5066 (8799) morning H7925 (8687) and evening H6150 (8687), and presented H3320 (8691) himself forty H705 days H3117.
 And Jesse H3448 said H559 (8799) unto David H1732 his son H1121, Take H3947 (8798) now for thy brethren H251 an ephah H374 of this H2088 parched H7039 [corn], and these ten H6235 loaves H3899, and run H7323 (8685) to the camp H4264 to thy brethren H251;
 And carry H935 (8686) these ten H6235 cheeses H2461 H2757 unto the captain H8269 of [their] thousand H505, and look H6485 (8799) how thy brethren H251 fare H7965, and take H3947 (8799) their pledge H6161.
 Now Saul H7586, and they, and all the men H376 of Israel H3478, [were] in the valley H6010 of Elah H425, fighting H3898 (8737) with the Philistines H6430.
 And David H1732 rose up early H7925 (8686) in the morning H1242, and left H5203 (8799) the sheep H6629 with a keeper H8104 (8802), and took H5375 (8799), and went H3212 (8799), as Jesse H3448 had commanded H6680 (8765) him; and he came H935 (8799) to the trench H4570, as the host H2428 was going forth H3318 (8802) to the fight H4634, and shouted H7321 (8689) for the battle H4421.
 For Israel H3478 and the Philistines H6430 had put the battle in array H6186 (8799), army H4634 against H7125 (8800) army H4634.
 And David H1732 left H5203 (8799) his carriage H3627 in the hand H3027 of the keeper H8104 (8802) of the carriage H3627, and ran H7323 (8799) into the army H4634, and came H935 (8799) and saluted H7592 (8799) H7965 his brethren H251.
 And as he talked H1696 (8764) with them, behold, there came up H5927 (8802) the champion H376 H1143, the Philistine H6430 of Gath H1661, Goliath H1555 by name H8034, out of the armies H4634 (8675) H4630 of the Philistines H6430, and spake H1696 (8762) according to the same H428 words H1697: and David H1732 heard H8085 (8799) [them].
 And all the men H376 of Israel H3478, when they saw H7200 (8800) the man H376, fled H5127 (8799) from him H6440, and were sore H3966 afraid H3372 (8799).
 And the men H376 of Israel H3478 said H559 (8799), Have ye seen H7200 (8804) this man H376 that is come up H5927 (8802)? surely to defy H2778 (8763) Israel H3478 is he come up H5927 (8802): and it shall be, [that] the man H376 who killeth H5221 (8686) him, the king H4428 will enrich H6238 (8686) him with great H1419 riches H6239, and will give H5414 (8799) him his daughter H1323, and make H6213 (8799) his father’s H1 house H1004 free H2670 in Israel H3478.
 And David H1732 spake H559 (8799) to the men H582 that stood H5975 (8802) by him, saying H559 (8800), What shall be done H6213 (8735) to the man H376 that killeth H5221 (8686) this H1975 Philistine H6430, and taketh away H5493 (8689) the reproach H2781 from Israel H3478? for who [is] this uncircumcised H6189 Philistine H6430, that he should defy H2778 (8765) the armies H4634 of the living H2416 God H430?
 And the people H5971 answered H559 (8799) him after this manner H1697, saying H559 (8800), So shall it be done H6213 (8735) to the man H376 that killeth H5221 (8686) him.
 And Eliab H446 his eldest H1419 brother H251 heard H8085 (8799) when he spake H1696 (8763) unto the men H582; and Eliab’s H446 anger H639 was kindled H2734 (8799) against David H1732, and he said H559 (8799), Why camest thou down H3381 (8804) hither? and with whom hast thou left H5203 (8804) those H2007 few H4592 sheep H6629 in the wilderness H4057? I know H3045 (8804) thy pride H2087, and the naughtiness H7455 of thine heart H3824; for thou art come down H3381 (8804) that thou mightest see H7200 (8800) the battle H4421.
 And David H1732 said H559 (8799), What have I now done H6213 (8804)? [Is there] not a cause H1697?
 And he turned H5437 (8735) from him H681 toward H4136 another H312, and spake H559 (8799) after the same manner H1697: and the people H5971 answered H1697 him again H7725 (8686) after the former H7223 manner H1697.
 And when the words H1697 were heard H8085 (8735) which David H1732 spake H1696 (8765), they rehearsed H5046 (8686) [them] before H6440 Saul H7586: and he sent H3947 (8799) for him.
 And David H1732 said H559 (8799) to Saul H7586, Let no man’s H120 heart H3820 fail H5307 (8799) because of him; thy servant H5650 will go H3212 (8799) and fight H3898 (8738) with this Philistine H6430.
 And Saul H7586 said H559 (8799) to David H1732, Thou art not able H3201 (8799) to go H3212 (8800) against this Philistine H6430 to fight H3898 (8736) with him: for thou [art but] a youth H5288, and he a man H376 of war H4421 from his youth H5271.
 And David H1732 said H559 (8799) unto Saul H7586, Thy servant H5650 kept H7462 (8802) his father’s H1 sheep H6629, and there came H935 (8804) a lion H738, and a bear H1677, and took H5375 (8804) a lamb H7716 (8675) H2089 out of the flock H5739:
 And I went out H3318 (8804) after H310 him, and smote H5221 (8689) him, and delivered H5337 (8689) [it] out of his mouth H6310: and when he arose H6965 (8799) against me, I caught H2388 (8689) [him] by his beard H2206, and smote H5221 (8689) him, and slew H4191 (8689) him.
 Thy servant H5650 slew H5221 (8689) both the lion H738 and the bear H1677: and this uncircumcised H6189 Philistine H6430 shall be as one H259 of them, seeing he hath defied H2778 (8765) the armies H4634 of the living H2416 God H430.
 David H1732 said H559 (8799) moreover, The LORD H3068 that delivered H5337 (8689) me out of the paw H3027 of the lion H738, and out of the paw H3027 of the bear H1677, he will deliver H5337 (8686) me out of the hand H3027 of this Philistine H6430. And Saul H7586 said H559 (8799) unto David H1732, Go H3212 (8798), and the LORD H3068 be with thee.
 And Saul H7586 armed H3847 (8686) David H1732 with his armour H4055, and he put H5414 (8804) an helmet H6959 of brass H5178 upon his head H7218; also he armed H3847 (8686) him with a coat of mail H8302.
 And David H1732 girded H2296 (8799) his sword H2719 upon his armour H4055, and he assayed H2974 (8686) to go H3212 (8800); for he had not proved H5254 (8765) [it]. And David H1732 said H559 (8799) unto Saul H7586, I cannot H3201 (8799) go H3212 (8800) with these; for I have not proved H5254 (8765) [them]. And David H1732 put H5493 (8686) them off him.
 And he took H3947 (8799) his staff H4731 in his hand H3027, and chose H977 (8799) him five H2568 smooth H2512 stones H68 out of the brook H5158, and put H7760 (8799) them in a shepherd’s H7462 (8802) bag H3627 which he had, even in a scrip H3219; and his sling H7050 [was] in his hand H3027: and he drew near H5066 (8799) to the Philistine H6430.
 And the Philistine H6430 came H3212 (8799) on H1980 (8802) and drew near H7131 unto David H1732; and the man H376 that bare H5375 (8802) the shield H6793 [went] before H6440 him.
 And when the Philistine H6430 looked about H5027 (8686), and saw H7200 (8799) David H1732, he disdained H959 (8799) him: for he was [but] a youth H5288, and ruddy H132, and of a fair H3303 countenance H4758.
 And the Philistine H6430 said H559 (8799) unto David H1732, [Am] I a dog H3611, that thou comest H935 (8802) to me with staves H4731? And the Philistine H6430 cursed H7043 (8762) David H1732 by his gods H430.
 And the Philistine H6430 said H559 (8799) to David H1732, Come H3212 (8798) to me, and I will give H5414 (8799) thy flesh H1320 unto the fowls H5775 of the air H8064, and to the beasts H929 of the field H7704.
 Then said H559 (8799) David H1732 to the Philistine H6430, Thou comest H935 (8802) to me with a sword H2719, and with a spear H2595, and with a shield H3591: but I come H935 (8802) to thee in the name H8034 of the LORD H3068 of hosts H6635, the God H430 of the armies H4634 of Israel H3478, whom thou hast defied H2778 (8765).
 This day H3117 will the LORD H3068 deliver H5462 (8762) thee into mine hand H3027; and I will smite H5221 (8689) thee, and take H5493 (8689) thine head H7218 from thee; and I will give H5414 (8804) the carcases H6297 of the host H4264 of the Philistines H6430 this day H3117 unto the fowls H5775 of the air H8064, and to the wild beasts H2416 of the earth H776; that all the earth H776 may know H3045 (8799) that there is H3426 a God H430 in Israel H3478.
 And all this assembly H6951 shall know H3045 (8799) that the LORD H3068 saveth H3467 (8686) not with sword H2719 and spear H2595: for the battle H4421 [is] the LORD’S H3068, and he will give H5414 (8804) you into our hands H3027.
 And it came to pass, when the Philistine H6430 arose H6965 (8804), and came H3212 (8799) and drew nigh H7126 (8799) to meet H7125 (8800) David H1732, that David H1732 hasted H4116 (8762), and ran H7323 (8799) toward the army H4634 to meet H7125 (8800) the Philistine H6430.
 And David H1732 put H7971 (8799) his hand H3027 in his bag H3627, and took H3947 (8799) thence a stone H68, and slang H7049 (8762) [it], and smote H5221 (8686) the Philistine H6430 in his forehead H4696, that the stone H68 sunk H2883 (8799) into his forehead H4696; and he fell H5307 (8799) upon his face H6440 to the earth H776.
 So David H1732 prevailed H2388 (8799) over H4480 the Philistine H6430 with a sling H7050 and with a stone H68, and smote H5221 (8686) the Philistine H6430, and slew H4191 (8686) him; but [there was] no sword H2719 in the hand H3027 of David H1732.
 Therefore David H1732 ran H7323 (8799), and stood H5975 (8799) upon the Philistine H6430, and took H3947 (8799) his sword H2719, and drew H8025 (8799) it out of the sheath H8593 thereof, and slew H4191 (8787) him, and cut off H3772 (8799) his head H7218 therewith. And when the Philistines H6430 saw H7200 (8799) their champion H1368 was dead H4191 (8804), they fled H5127 (8799).
 And the men H582 of Israel H3478 and of Judah H3063 arose H6965 (8799), and shouted H7321 (8686), and pursued H7291 (8799) the Philistines H6430, until thou come H935 (8800) to the valley H1516, and to the gates H8179 of Ekron H6138. And the wounded H2491 of the Philistines H6430 fell down H5307 (8799) by the way H1870 to Shaaraim H8189, even unto Gath H1661, and unto Ekron H6138.
 And the children H1121 of Israel H3478 returned H7725 (8799) from chasing H1814 (8800) after H310 the Philistines H6430, and they spoiled H8155 (8799) their tents H4264.
 And David H1732 took H3947 (8799) the head H7218 of the Philistine H6430, and brought H935 (8686) it to Jerusalem H3389; but he put H7760 (8804) his armour H3627 in his tent H168.
 And when Saul H7586 saw H7200 (8800) David H1732 go forth H3318 (8802) against H7125 (8800) the Philistine H6430, he said H559 (8804) unto Abner H74, the captain H8269 of the host H6635, Abner H74, whose son H1121 [is] this youth H5288? And Abner H74 said H559 (8799), [As] thy soul H5315 liveth H2416, O king H4428, I cannot H518 tell H3045 (8804).
 And the king H4428 said H559 (8799), Enquire H7592 (8798) thou whose son H1121 the stripling H5958 [is].
 And as David H1732 returned H7725 (8800) from the slaughter H5221 (8687) of the Philistine H6430, Abner H74 took H3947 (8799) him, and brought H935 (8686) him before H6440 Saul H7586 with the head H7218 of the Philistine H6430 in his hand H3027.
 And Saul H7586 said H559 (8799) to him, Whose son H1121 [art] thou, [thou] young man H5288? And David H1732 answered H559 (8799), I [am] the son H1121 of thy servant H5650 Jesse H3448 the Bethlehemite H1022.
Young’s Literal Translation
1 Samuel 17 (YLT)
 And the Philistines gather their camps to battle, and are gathered to Shochoh, which is to Judah, and encamp between Shochoh and Azekah, in Ephes-Dammim;
 and Saul and the men of Israel have been gathered, and encamp by the valley of Elah, and set the battle in array to meet the Philistines.
 And the Philistines are standing on the mountain on this side, and the Israelites are standing on the mountain on that side, and the valley is between them.
 And there goeth out a man of the duellists from the camps of the Philistines, Goliath is his name, from Gath; his height is six cubits and a span,
 and a helmet of brass is on his head, and with a scaled coat of mail he is clothed, and the weight of the coat of mail is five thousand shekels of brass,
 and a frontlet of brass is on his feet, and a javelin of brass between his shoulders,
 and the wood of his spear is like a beam of weaver?’, and the flame of his spear is six hundred shekels of iron, and the bearer of the buckler is going before him.
 And he standeth and calleth unto the ranks of Israel, and saith to them, ‘Why are ye come out to set in array the battle? am not I the Philistine, and ye servants to Saul? choose for you a man, and let him come down unto me;
 if he be able to fight with me, and have smitten me, then we have been to you for servants; and if I am able for him, and have smitten him, then ye have been to us for servants, and have served us.’
 And the Philistine saith, ‘I have reproached the ranks of Israel this day; give to me a man, and we fight together.’
 And Saul heareth-and all Israel-these words of the Philistine, and they are broken down and greatly afraid.
 And David is son of this Ephrathite of Beth-Lehem-Judah, whose name is Jesse, and he hath eight sons, and the man in the days of Saul hath become aged among men;
 and the three eldest sons of Jesse go, they have gone after Saul to battle; and the name of his three sons who have gone into battle are Eliab the first-born, and his second Abinadab, and the third Shammah.
 And David is the youngest, and the three eldest have gone after Saul,
 and David is going and returning from Saul, to feed the flock of his father at Beth-Lehem.
 And the Philistine draweth nigh, morning and evening, and stationeth himself forty days.
 And Jesse saith to David his son, ‘Take, I pray thee, to thy brethren, an ephah of this roasted corn, and these ten loaves, and run to the camp to thy brethren;
 and these ten cuttings of the cheese thou dost take in to the head of the thousand, and thy brethren thou dost inspect for welfare, and their pledge dost receive.’
 And Saul, and they, and all the men of Israel are in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines.
 And David riseth early in the morning, and leaveth the flock to a keeper, and lifteth up, and goeth, as Jesse commanded him, and he cometh in to the path, and to the force which is going out unto the rank, and they have shouted for battle;
 and Israel and the Philistines set in array rank to meet rank.
 And David letteth down the goods from off him on the hand of a keeper of the goods, and runneth into the rank, and cometh and asketh of his brethren of welfare.
 And he is speaking with them, and lo, a man of the duellists is coming up, Goliath the Philistine is his name, of Gath, out of the ranks of the Philistines, and he speaketh according to those words, and David heareth;
 and all the men of Israel when they see the man flee from his presence, and are greatly afraid.
 And the men of Israel say, ‘Have ye seen this man who is coming up? for, to reproach Israel he is coming up, and it hath been-the man who smiteth him, the king doth enrich him with great riches, and his daughter he doth give to him, and his father’s house doth make free in Israel.’
 And David speaketh unto the men who are standing by him, saying, ‘What is done to the man who smiteth this Philistine, and hath turned aside reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he hath reproached the ranks of the living God?’
 And the people speak to him according to this word, saying, ‘Thus it is done to the man who smiteth him.’
 And Eliab, his eldest brother, heareth when he speaketh unto the men, and the anger of Eliab burneth against David, and he saith, ‘Why is this-thou hast come down! and to whom hast thou left those few sheep in the wilderness? I have known thy pride, and the evil of thy heart-for, to see the battle thou hast come down.’
 And David saith, ‘What have I done now? is it not a word?’
 And he turneth round from him unto another, and saith according to this word, and the people return him word as the first word.
 And the words which David hath spoken are heard, and they declare before Saul, and he receiveth him;
 and David saith unto Saul, ‘Let no man’s heart fall because of him, thy servant doth go, and hath fought with this Philistine.’
 And Saul saith unto David, ‘Thou art not able to go unto this Philistine, to fight with him, for a youth thou art, and he a man of war from his youth.’
 And David saith unto Saul, ‘A shepherd hath thy servant been to his father among the sheep, and the lion hath come-and the bear-and hath taken away a sheep out of the drove,
 and I have gone out after him, and smitten him, and delivered out of his mouth, and he riseth against me, and I have taken hold on his beard, and smitten him, and put him to death.
 Both the lion and the bear hath thy servant smitten, and this uncircumcised Philistine hath been as one of them, for he hath reproached the ranks of the living God.’
 And David saith, ‘Jehovah, who delivered me out of the paw of the lion, and out of the paw of the bear, He doth deliver me from the hand of this Philistine.’ And Saul saith unto David, ‘Go, and Jehovah is with thee.’
 And Saul clotheth David with his long robe, and hath put a helmet of brass on his head, and doth clothe him with a coat of mail.
 And David girded his sword above his long robe, and beginneth to go, for he hath not tried it; and David saith unto Saul, ‘I am not able to go with these, for I had not tried;’ and David turneth them aside from off him.
 And he taketh his staff in his hand, and chooseth for him five smooth stones from the brook, and putteth them in the shepherds’ habiliments that he hath, even in the scrip, and his sling is in his hand, and he draweth nigh unto the Philistine.
 And the Philistine goeth on, going and drawing near unto David, and the man bearing the buckler is before him,
 and the Philistine looketh attentively, and seeth David, and despiseth him, for he was a youth, and ruddy, with a fair appearance.
 And the Philistine saith unto David, ‘Am I a dog that thou art coming unto me with staves?’ and the Philistine revileth David by his gods,
 and the Philistine saith unto David, ‘Come unto me, and I give thy flesh to the fowl of the heavens, and to the beast of the field.’
 And David saith unto the Philistine, ‘Thou art coming unto me with sword, and with spear, and with buckler, and I am coming unto thee in the name of Jehovah of Hosts, God of the ranks of Israel, which thou hast reproached.
 This day doth Jehovah shut thee up into my hand-and I have smitten thee, and turned aside thy head from off thee, and given the carcase of the camp of the Philistines this day to the fowl of the heavens, and to the beast of the earth, and all the earth do know that God is for Israel.
 and all this assembly do know that not by sword and by spear doth Jehovah save, that the battle is Jehovah’s, and He hath given you into our hand.’
 And it hath come to pass, that the Philistine hath risen, and goeth, and draweth near to meet David, and David hasteth and runneth to the rank to meet the Philistine,
 and David putteth forth his hand unto the vessel, and taketh thence a stone, and slingeth, and smiteth the Philistine on his forehead, and the stone sinketh into his forehead, and he falleth on his face to the earth.
 And David is stronger than the Philistine with a sling and with a stone, and smiteth the Philistine, and putteth him to death, and there is no sword in the hand of David,
 and David runneth and standeth over the Philistine, and taketh his sword, and draweth it out of its sheath, and putteth him to death, and cutteth off with it his head; and the Philistines see that their hero is dead, and flee.
 And the men of Israel rise-also Judah-and shout, and pursue the Philistines till thou enter the valley, and unto the gates of Ekron, and the wounded of the Philistines fall in the way of Shaaraim, even unto Gath, and unto Ekron,
 and the sons of Israel turn back from burning after the Philistines, and spoil their camps.
 And David taketh the head of the Philistine, and bringeth it in to Jerusalem, and his weapons he hath put in his own tent.
 And when Saul seeth David going out to meet the Philistine, he hath said unto Abner, head of the host, ‘Whose son is this-the youth, Abner?’ and Abner saith, ‘Thy soul liveth, O king, I have not known.’
 And the king saith, ‘Ask thou whose son this is-the young man.’
 And when David turneth back from smiting the Philistine, then Abner taketh him and bringeth him in before Saul, and the head of the Philistine in his hand;
 and Saul saith unto him, ‘Whose son art thou, O youth?’ and David saith, ‘Son of thy servant Jesse, the Beth-Lehemite.’