1 Kings 8 read and compare multiple versions of the Bible

World English Bible

1 Kings 8 (WEBP)

[1] Then Solomon assembled the elders of Israel with all the heads of the tribes, the princes of the fathers’ households of the children of Israel, to King Solomon in Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of Yahweh’s covenant out of David’s city, which is Zion.
[2] All the men of Israel assembled themselves to King Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.
[3] All the elders of Israel came, and the priests picked up the ark.
[4] They brought up Yahweh’s ark, the Tent of Meeting, and all the holy vessels that were in the Tent. The priests and the Levites brought these up.
[5] King Solomon and all the congregation of Israel, who were assembled to him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and cattle that could not be counted or numbered for multitude.
[6] The priests brought in the ark of Yahweh’s covenant to its place, into the inner sanctuary of the house, to the most holy place, even under the cherubim’s wings.
[7] For the cherubim spread their wings out over the place of the ark, and the cherubim covered the ark and its poles above.
[8] The poles were so long that the ends of the poles were seen from the holy place before the inner sanctuary, but they were not seen outside. They are there to this day.
[9] There was nothing in the ark except the two stone tablets which Moses put there at Horeb, when Yahweh made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt.
[10] It came to pass, when the priests had come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled Yahweh’s house,
[11] so that the priests could not stand to minister by reason of the cloud; for Yahweh’s glory filled Yahweh’s house.
[12] Then Solomon said, “Yahweh has said that he would dwell in the thick darkness.
[13] I have surely built you a house of habitation, a place for you to dwell in forever.”
[14] The king turned his face around and blessed all the assembly of Israel; and all the assembly of Israel stood.
[15] He said, “Blessed is Yahweh, the God of Israel, who spoke with his mouth to David your father, and has with his hand fulfilled it, saying,
[16] ‘Since the day that I brought my people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build a house, that my name might be there; but I chose David to be over my people Israel.’
[17] “Now it was in the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel.
[18] But Yahweh said to David my father, ‘Whereas it was in your heart to build a house for my name, you did well that it was in your heart.
[19] Nevertheless, you shall not build the house; but your son who shall come out of your body, he shall build the house for my name.’
[20] Yahweh has established his word that he spoke; for I have risen up in the place of David my father, and I sit on the throne of Israel, as Yahweh promised, and have built the house for the name of Yahweh, the God of Israel.
[21] There I have set a place for the ark, in which is Yahweh’s covenant, which he made with our fathers when he brought them out of the land of Egypt.”
[22] Solomon stood before Yahweh’s altar in the presence of all the assembly of Israel, and spread out his hands toward heaven;
[23] and he said, “Yahweh, the God of Israel, there is no God like you, in heaven above, or on earth beneath; who keeps covenant and loving kindness with your servants who walk before you with all their heart;
[24] who has kept with your servant David my father that which you promised him. Yes, you spoke with your mouth, and have fulfilled it with your hand, as it is today.
[25] Now therefore, may Yahweh, the God of Israel, keep with your servant David my father that which you have promised him, saying, ‘There shall not fail from you a man in my sight to sit on the throne of Israel, if only your children take heed to their way, to walk before me as you have walked before me.’
[26] “Now therefore, God of Israel, please let your word be verified, which you spoke to your servant David my father.
[27] But will God in very deed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens can’t contain you; how much less this house that I have built!
[28] Yet have respect for the prayer of your servant and for his supplication, Yahweh my God, to listen to the cry and to the prayer which your servant prays before you today;
[29] that your eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place of which you have said, ‘My name shall be there;’ to listen to the prayer which your servant prays toward this place.
[30] Listen to the supplication of your servant, and of your people Israel, when they pray toward this place. Yes, hear in heaven, your dwelling place; and when you hear, forgive.
[31] “If a man sins against his neighbor, and an oath is laid on him to cause him to swear, and he comes and swears before your altar in this house,
[32] then hear in heaven, and act, and judge your servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way on his own head, and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness.
[33] “When your people Israel are struck down before the enemy because they have sinned against you, if they turn again to you and confess your name, and pray and make supplication to you in this house,
[34] then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of your people Israel, and bring them again to the land which you gave to their fathers.
[35] “When the sky is shut up and there is no rain because they have sinned against you, if they pray toward this place and confess your name, and turn from their sin when you afflict them,
[36] then hear in heaven, and forgive the sin of your servants, and of your people Israel, when you teach them the good way in which they should walk; and send rain on your land which you have given to your people for an inheritance.
[37] “If there is famine in the land, if there is pestilence, if there is blight, mildew, locust or caterpillar; if their enemy besieges them in the land of their cities, whatever plague, whatever sickness there is,
[38] whatever prayer and supplication is made by any man, or by all your people Israel, who shall each know the plague of his own heart, and spread out his hands toward this house,
[39] then hear in heaven, your dwelling place, and forgive, and act, and give to every man according to all his ways, whose heart you know (for you, even you only, know the hearts of all the children of men);
[40] that they may fear you all the days that they live in the land which you gave to our fathers.
[41] “Moreover, concerning the foreigner, who is not of your people Israel, when he comes out of a far country for your name’s sake
[42] (for they shall hear of your great name and of your mighty hand and of your outstretched arm), when he comes and prays toward this house,
[43] hear in heaven, your dwelling place, and do according to all that the foreigner calls to you for; that all the peoples of the earth may know your name, to fear you, as do your people Israel, and that they may know that this house which I have built is called by your name.
[44] “If your people go out to battle against their enemy, by whatever way you shall send them, and they pray to Yahweh toward the city which you have chosen, and toward the house which I have built for your name,
[45] then hear in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause.
[46] If they sin against you (for there is no man who doesn’t sin), and you are angry with them and deliver them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captive to the land of the enemy, far off or near;
[47] yet if they repent in the land where they are carried captive, and turn again, and make supplication to you in the land of those who carried them captive, saying, ‘We have sinned and have done perversely; we have dealt wickedly,’
[48] if they return to you with all their heart and with all their soul in the land of their enemies who carried them captive, and pray to you toward their land which you gave to their fathers, the city which you have chosen and the house which I have built for your name,
[49] then hear their prayer and their supplication in heaven, your dwelling place, and maintain their cause;
[50] and forgive your people who have sinned against you, and all their transgressions in which they have transgressed against you; and give them compassion before those who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them
[51] (for they are your people and your inheritance, which you brought out of Egypt, from the middle of the iron furnace);
[52] that your eyes may be open to the supplication of your servant and to the supplication of your people Israel, to listen to them whenever they cry to you.
[53] For you separated them from among all the peoples of the earth to be your inheritance, as you spoke by Moses your servant, when you brought our fathers out of Egypt, Lord Yahweh.”
[54] It was so, that when Solomon had finished praying all this prayer and supplication to Yahweh, he arose from before Yahweh’s altar, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread out toward heaven.
[55] He stood and blessed all the assembly of Israel with a loud voice, saying,
[56] “Blessed be Yahweh, who has given rest to his people Israel, according to all that he promised. There has not failed one word of all his good promise, which he promised by Moses his servant.
[57] May Yahweh our God be with us as he was with our fathers. Let him not leave us or forsake us,
[58] that he may incline our hearts to him, to walk in all his ways, and to keep his commandments, his statutes, and his ordinances, which he commanded our fathers.
[59] Let these my words, with which I have made supplication before Yahweh, be near to Yahweh our God day and night, that he may maintain the cause of his servant and the cause of his people Israel, as every day requires;
[60] that all the peoples of the earth may know that Yahweh himself is God. There is no one else.
[61] “Let your heart therefore be perfect with Yahweh our God, to walk in his statutes, and to keep his commandments, as it is today.”
[62] The king, and all Israel with him, offered sacrifice before Yahweh.
[63] Solomon offered for the sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered to Yahweh, twenty two thousand head of cattle and one hundred twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated Yahweh’s house.
[64] The same day the king made the middle of the court holy that was before Yahweh’s house; for there he offered the burnt offering, the meal offering, and the fat of the peace offerings, because the bronze altar that was before Yahweh was too little to receive the burnt offering, the meal offering, and the fat of the peace offerings.
[65] So Solomon held the feast at that time, and all Israel with him, a great assembly, from the entrance of Hamath to the brook of Egypt, before Yahweh our God, seven days and seven more days, even fourteen days.
[66] On the eighth day he sent the people away; and they blessed the king, and went to their tents joyful and glad in their hearts for all the goodness that Yahweh had shown to David his servant, and to Israel his people.

Scripture quotations are taken from The World English Bible™ of eBible.org, 2020 stable text edition. It is in the public domain.

King James w/Strong’s #s

1 Kings 8 (KJVS)

[1] Then Solomon assembled () the elders of Israel , and all the heads of the tribes , the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel , unto king Solomon in Jerusalem , that they might bring up () the ark of the covenant of the LORD out of the city of David , which [is] Zion .
[2] And all the men of Israel assembled () themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim , which [is] the seventh month .
[3] And all the elders of Israel came (), and the priests took up () the ark .
[4] And they brought up () the ark of the LORD , and the tabernacle of the congregation , and all the holy vessels that [were] in the tabernacle , even those did the priests and the Levites bring up ().
[5] And king Solomon , and all the congregation of Israel , that were assembled () unto him, [were] with him before the ark , sacrificing () sheep and oxen , that could not be told () nor numbered () for multitude .
[6] And the priests brought in () the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place , into the oracle of the house , to the most holy [place, even] under the wings of the cherubims .
[7] For the cherubims spread forth () [their] two wings over the place of the ark , and the cherubims covered () the ark and the staves thereof above .
[8] And they drew out () the staves , that the ends of the staves were seen out () in the holy [place] before the oracle , and they were not seen () without : and there they are unto this day .
[9] [There was] nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone , which Moses put () there at Horeb , when the LORD made () [a covenant] with the children of Israel , when they came out () of the land of Egypt .
[10] And it came to pass, when the priests were come out () of the holy [place], that the cloud filled () the house of the LORD ,
[11] So that the priests could () not stand () to minister () because of the cloud : for the glory of the LORD had filled () the house of the LORD .
[12] Then spake () Solomon , The LORD said () that he would dwell () in the thick darkness .
[13] I have surely () built () thee an house to dwell in , a settled place for thee to abide in () for ever .
[14] And the king turned his face about (), and blessed () all the congregation of Israel : (and all the congregation of Israel stood ();)
[15] And he said (), Blessed () [be] the LORD God of Israel , which spake () with his mouth unto David my father , and hath with his hand fulfilled () [it], saying (),
[16] Since the day that I brought forth () my people Israel out of Egypt , I chose () no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build () an house , that my name might be therein; but I chose () David to be over my people Israel .
[17] And it was in the heart of David my father to build () an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel .
[18] And the LORD said () unto David my father , Whereas it was in thine heart to build () an house unto my name , thou didst well () that it was in thine heart .
[19] Nevertheless thou shalt not build () the house ; but thy son that shall come forth out () of thy loins , he shall build () the house unto my name .
[20] And the LORD hath performed () his word that he spake (), and I am risen up () in the room of David my father , and sit () on the throne of Israel , as the LORD promised (), and have built () an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel .
[21] And I have set () there a place for the ark , wherein [is] the covenant of the LORD , which he made () with our fathers , when he brought them out () of the land of Egypt .
[22] And Solomon stood () before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel , and spread forth () his hands toward heaven :
[23] And he said (), LORD God of Israel , [there is] no God like thee, in heaven above , or on earth beneath, who keepest () covenant and mercy with thy servants that walk () before thee with all their heart :
[24] Who hast kept () with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst () him: thou spakest () also with thy mouth , and hast fulfilled () [it] with thine hand , as [it is] this day .
[25] Therefore now, LORD God of Israel , keep () with thy servant David my father that thou promisedst () him, saying (), There shall not fail () thee a man in my sight to sit () on the throne of Israel ; so that thy children take heed () to their way , that they walk () before me as thou hast walked () before me.
[26] And now, O God of Israel , let thy word , I pray thee, be verified (), which thou spakest () unto thy servant David my father .
[27] But will God indeed dwell () on the earth ? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain () thee; how much less this house that I have builded ()?
[28] Yet have thou respect () unto the prayer of thy servant , and to his supplication , O LORD my God , to hearken () unto the cry and to the prayer , which thy servant prayeth () before thee to day :
[29] That thine eyes may be open () toward this house night and day , [even] toward the place of which thou hast said (), My name shall be there: that thou mayest hearken () unto the prayer which thy servant shall make () toward this place .
[30] And hearken () thou to the supplication of thy servant , and of thy people Israel , when they shall pray () toward this place : and hear () thou in heaven thy dwelling () place : and when thou hearest (), forgive ().
[31] If any man trespass () against his neighbour , and an oath be laid () upon him to cause him to swear (), and the oath come () before thine altar in this house :
[32] Then hear () thou in heaven , and do (), and judge () thy servants , condemning () the wicked , to bring () his way upon his head ; and justifying () the righteous , to give () him according to his righteousness .
[33] When thy people Israel be smitten down () before the enemy (), because they have sinned () against thee, and shall turn again () to thee, and confess () thy name , and pray (), and make supplication () unto thee in this house :
[34] Then hear () thou in heaven , and forgive () the sin of thy people Israel , and bring them again () unto the land which thou gavest () unto their fathers .
[35] When heaven is shut up (), and there is no rain , because they have sinned () against thee; if they pray () toward this place , and confess () thy name , and turn () from their sin , when thou afflictest () them:
[36] Then hear () thou in heaven , and forgive () the sin of thy servants , and of thy people Israel , that thou teach () them the good way wherein they should walk (), and give () rain upon thy land , which thou hast given () to thy people for an inheritance .
[37] If there be in the land famine , if there be pestilence , blasting , mildew , locust , [or] if there be caterpiller ; if their enemy () besiege () them in the land of their cities ; whatsoever plague , whatsoever sickness [there be];
[38] What prayer and supplication soever be [made] by any man , [or] by all thy people Israel , which shall know () every man the plague of his own heart , and spread forth () his hands toward this house :
[39] Then hear () thou in heaven thy dwelling () place , and forgive (), and do (), and give () to every man according to his ways , whose heart thou knowest (); (for thou, [even] thou only, knowest () the hearts of all the children of men ;)
[40] That they may fear () thee all the days that they live in the land which thou gavest () unto our fathers .
[41] Moreover concerning a stranger , that [is] not of thy people Israel , but cometh out () of a far country for thy name’s sake;
[42] (For they shall hear () of thy great name , and of thy strong hand , and of thy stretched out () arm ;) when he shall come () and pray () toward this house ;
[43] Hear () thou in heaven thy dwelling () place , and do () according to all that the stranger calleth () to thee for: that all people of the earth may know () thy name , to fear () thee, as [do] thy people Israel ; and that they may know () that this house , which I have builded (), is called () by thy name .
[44] If thy people go out () to battle against their enemy (), whithersoever thou shalt send () them, and shall pray () unto the LORD toward the city which thou hast chosen (), and [toward] the house that I have built () for thy name :
[45] Then hear () thou in heaven their prayer and their supplication , and maintain () their cause .
[46] If they sin () against thee, (for [there is] no man that sinneth () not,) and thou be angry () with them, and deliver () them to the enemy (), so that they carry them away () captives () unto the land of the enemy (), far or near ;
[47] [Yet] if they shall bethink () themselves in the land whither they were carried captives (), and repent () , and make supplication () unto thee in the land of them that carried them captives (), saying (), We have sinned (), and have done perversely (), we have committed wickedness ();
[48] And [so] return () unto thee with all their heart , and with all their soul , in the land of their enemies (), which led them away captive (), and pray () unto thee toward their land , which thou gavest () unto their fathers , the city which thou hast chosen (), and the house which I have built () for thy name :
[49] Then hear () thou their prayer and their supplication in heaven thy dwelling () place , and maintain () their cause ,
[50] And forgive () thy people that have sinned () against thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed () against thee, and give () them compassion before them who carried them captive (), that they may have compassion () on them:
[51] For they [be] thy people , and thine inheritance , which thou broughtest forth () out of Egypt , from the midst of the furnace of iron :
[52] That thine eyes may be open () unto the supplication of thy servant , and unto the supplication of thy people Israel , to hearken () unto them in all that they call () for unto thee.
[53] For thou didst separate () them from among all the people of the earth , [to be] thine inheritance , as thou spakest () by the hand of Moses thy servant , when thou broughtest () our fathers out of Egypt , O Lord GOD .
[54] And it was [so], that when Solomon had made an end () of praying () all this prayer and supplication unto the LORD , he arose () from before the altar of the LORD , from kneeling () on his knees with his hands spread up () to heaven .
[55] And he stood (), and blessed () all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice , saying (),
[56] Blessed () [be] the LORD , that hath given () rest unto his people Israel , according to all that he promised (): there hath not failed () one word of all his good promise , which he promised () by the hand of Moses his servant .
[57] The LORD our God be with us, as he was with our fathers : let him not leave () us, nor forsake () us:
[58] That he may incline () our hearts unto him, to walk () in all his ways , and to keep () his commandments , and his statutes , and his judgments , which he commanded () our fathers .
[59] And let these my words , wherewith I have made supplication () before the LORD , be nigh unto the LORD our God day and night , that he maintain () the cause of his servant , and the cause of his people Israel at all times , as the matter shall require:
[60] That all the people of the earth may know () that the LORD [is] God , [and that there is] none else.
[61] Let your heart therefore be perfect with the LORD our God , to walk () in his statutes , and to keep () his commandments , as at this day .
[62] And the king , and all Israel with him, offered () sacrifice before the LORD .
[63] And Solomon offered () a sacrifice of peace offerings , which he offered () unto the LORD , two and twenty thousand oxen , and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep . So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated () the house of the LORD .
[64] The same day did the king hallow () the middle of the court that [was] before the house of the LORD : for there he offered () burnt offerings , and meat offerings , and the fat of the peace offerings : because the brasen altar that [was] before the LORD [was] too little to receive () the burnt offerings , and meat offerings , and the fat of the peace offerings .
[65] And at that time Solomon held () a feast , and all Israel with him, a great congregation , from the entering () in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt , before the LORD our God , seven days and seven days , [even] fourteen days .
[66] On the eighth day he sent the people away (): and they blessed () the king , and went () unto their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the LORD had done () for David his servant , and for Israel his people .

Young’s Literal Translation

1 Kings 8 (YLT)

[1] Then doth Solomon assemble the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, princes of the fathers of the sons of Israel, unto king Solomon, to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of Jehovah from the city of David-it is Zion;
[2] and all the men of Israel are assembled unto king Solomon, in the month of Ethanim, in the festival-is the seventh month.
[3] And all the elders of Israel come in, and the priests lift up the ark,
[4] and bring up the ark of Jehovah, and the tent of meeting, and all the holy vessels that are in the tent, yea, the priests and the Levites bring them up.
[5] And king Solomon and all the company of Israel who are met unto him are with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that are not counted nor numbered for multitude.
[6] And the priests bring in the ark of the covenant of Jehovah unto its place, unto the oracle of the house, unto the holy of holies, unto the place of the wings of the cherubs;
[7] for the cherubs are spreading forth two wings unto the place of the ark, and the cherubs cover over the ark, and over its staves from above;
[8] and they lengthen the staves, and the heads of the staves are seen from the holy place on the front of the oracle, and are not seen without, and they are there unto this day.
[9] There is nothing in the ark, only the two tables of stone which Moses put there in Horeb, when Jehovah covenanted with the sons of Israel in their going out of the land of Egypt.
[10] And it cometh to pass, in the going out of the priests from the holy place, that the cloud hath filled the house of Jehovah,
[11] and the priests have not been able to stand to minister because of the cloud, for the honour of Jehovah hath filled the house of Jehovah.
[12] Then said Solomon, ‘Jehovah hath said to dwell in thick darkness;
[13] I have surely built a house of habitation for Thee; a fixed place for Thine abiding to the ages.’
[14] And the king turneth round his face, and blesseth the whole assembly of Israel; and all the assembly of Israel is standing.
[15] And he saith, ‘Blessed is Jehovah, God of Israel, who spake by His mouth with David my father, and by His hand hath fulfilled it, saying,
[16] From the day that I brought out My people, even Israel, from Egypt, I have not fixed on a city out of all the tribes of Israel, to build a house for My name being there; and I fix on David to be over My people Israel.
[17] ‘And it is with the heart of David my father to build a house for the name of Jehovah, God of Israel,
[18] and Jehovah saith unto David my father, Because that it hath been with thy heart to build a house for My name, thou hast done well that it hath been with thy heart;
[19] only, thou dost not build the house, but thy son who is coming out from thy loins, he doth build the house for My name.
[20] ‘And Jehovah doth establish His word which He spake, and I am risen up instead of David my father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as Jehovah spake, and build the house for the name of Jehovah, God of Israel,
[21] and set there a place for the ark, where is the covenant of Jehovah which He made with our fathers in His bringing them out from the land of Egypt.’
[22] And Solomon standeth before the altar of Jehovah, over-against all the assembly of Israel, and spreadeth his hands towards the heavens,
[23] and saith, ‘Jehovah, God of Israel, there is not a God like Thee, in the heavens above, and on the earth beneath, keeping the covenant and the kindness for Thy servants, those walking before Thee with all their heart,
[24] who hast kept for Thy servant David my father that which Thou spakest to him; yea, Thou speakest with Thy mouth, and with Thy hand hast fulfilled it, as at this day.
[25] ‘And now, Jehovah, God of Israel, keep for Thy servant David my father that which Thou spakest to him, saying, There is not cut off to thee a man from before Me, sitting on the throne of Israel-only, if thy sons watch their way, to walk before Me as thou hast walked before Me.
[26] ‘And now, O God of Israel, let it be established, I pray Thee, Thy word which Thou hast spoken to Thy servant, David my father.
[27] But, is it true?-God dwelleth on the earth! lo, the heavens, and the heavens of the heavens do not contain Thee, how much less this house which I have builded!
[28] ‘Then thou hast turned unto the prayer of Thy servant, and unto his supplication, O Jehovah my God, to hearken unto the cry and unto the prayer which Thy servant is praying before Thee to-day,
[29] for Thine eyes being open towards this house night and day, towards the place of which Thou hast said, My Name is there; to hearken unto the prayer which Thy servant prayeth towards this place.
[30] ‘Then Thou hast hearkened unto the supplication of Thy servant, and of Thy people Israel, which they pray towards this place; yea, Thou dost hearken in the place of Thy dwelling, in the heavens-and Thou hast hearkened, and hast forgiven,
[31] that which a man sinneth against his neighbour, and he hath lifted up upon him an oath to cause him to swear, and the oath hath come in before Thine altar in this house,
[32] then Thou dost hear in the heavens, and hast done, and hast judged Thy servants, to declare wicked the wicked, to put his way on his head, and to declare righteous the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness.
[33] ‘In Thy people Israel being smitten before an enemy, because they sin against Thee, and they have turned back unto Thee, and have confessed Thy name, and prayed, and made supplication unto Thee in this house,
[34] then thou dost hear in the heavens, and hast forgiven the sin of Thy people Israel, and brought them back unto the ground that Thou gavest to their fathers.
[35] ‘In the heavens being restrained, and there is no rain, because they sin against Thee, and they have prayed towards this place, and confessed Thy name, and from their sin turn back, for Thou dost afflict them,
[36] then Thou dost hear in the heavens, and hast forgiven the sin of Thy servants, and of Thy people Israel, for Thou directest them the good way in which they go, and hast given rain on Thy land which Thou hast given to Thy people for inheritance.
[37] ‘Famine-when it is in the land; pestilence